Mental Filter This involves a tunnel vision typically looking at the negative parts of a situation and forgetting the positive. Jumping to Conclusions We jump to conslusions when we assume we know what someone else is thinking (mind reading) and then make predictions about what is going to happen in the future (predictive thinking). Personalisation This involves blaming yourself for everything that goes wrong even when you may be only partly responsible or not responsible at all. Catastrophising This occurs when we blow things out of proportion and see something as dreadful when in reality the problem is quite small. Black and White Thinking This involves seeing one extreme or another and not seeing any in-betweens or shades of grey. Should and Must These are statements often based on our core beliefs that we should or must be able to do. They are often unrealistic and put unreasonable pressure on us. Over-generalization When we overgeneralize we take limited instances from past history and extrapolate to future situations. We do not consider the alternative that every day is a new dawn. Labelling We label ourselves and othes when we make global statements based on our behaviour in limited situations. We get into the habit of using this label even when it doesn't apply. Emotional Reasoning This occurs when we think that the reality of a situation is the same as our mood. Just because we feel bad doesn't mean something bad is going to happen. Magnification and Minimization In this thinking style you magnify the positive attributes of other people and minimize your own. Similarly you minimize the negative aspects of other people and magnify your own.